Chilblains are problems which develop on the toes which are more common in the wintry climates. Knowing the cause of any problem goes a long way to help understanding what is happening with them, how to prevent chilblains and approaches to take care of chilblains. This is definitely the case with chilblains. While they just take place in cool environments, they are not actually a result of the actual cold. A lot of people that do not get them get cold as well and they do not have chilblains. Furthermore, some individuals develop chilblains with even little changes in temperatures and it not being too cold. This means that there is a lot more going on than only the cold that frequently gets held responsible for producing chilblains.
In the skin there are a lot of tiny blood vessels (the microcirculation) which help normalize temperature in your body. Once we become cold, these blood vessels shrink in order to save heat deeper in the body. If we are warm, these blood vessels open up and bring the blood nearer to the surface so that we can disperse heat for cooling your body. It is deemed an essential normal function. With a chilblain the arteries close up just like they normally ought to, but when the feet are warmed, the arteries remain constricted when they shouldn't be. Because of this waste material begin to accumulate within the skin and there is no blood flow to remove them. This causes an inflammatory response and the release of chemicals making the chilblain painful as well as itchy. Sooner or later the capillaries do open and the sudden rush of blood to the area triggers additional tenderness as well as pain. The primary appearance can be a darkish bluish lesion, however that could be a reddish colored look after that rush of blood. If the pathology is frequent on a daily basis, then they can become quite a chronic problem.
Just why in certain people they continue to be closed for a longer time in colder environments in unknown. Chilblains are definitely more prevalent in females, hinting there can be some type of hormonal influence on the pathology. Having said that, males do will also get chilblains, thus if it is hormone linked, then that isn't the only factor. Astonishingly for something that is so widespread, there is relatively little research been done to attempt to look into chilblains in greater depth.
Making use of this understanding of what causes it will help individuals prevent and treat chilblains. Needless to say an important thing to do is just not allow the feet to become cold whilst keeping them warm. Should the feet become cool, then it is imperative that they are warmed up really gradually in order for the microcirculation to have a opportunity to respond to the higher demand in the skin and the capillaries may open up to meet that demand. Because of this the harmful toxins do not build up and the inflammation process is not commenced. Once that process has started, then your course of treatment has got to move to minimize that inflammatory reaction process and help eliminate those waste material which have built up within the skin.